This chapter presents fifth step of the training manager's job. As with all design tasks, while it is possible to discuss principles and lay down guidelines, there is no substitute for structured experience, talent, and sensitive opportunism in devising solutions. This is an area of analytical/creative performance. If the lead-in time, the time between the start of analysis and the start of training, is of reasonable duration, say three months or more, it is feasible to automate the instruction. The usual picture, of an instructor lecturing more or less extempore from his old notes on the subject and his field experience, just will not do, any more than copying notes off the board is a substitute for real learning. More attention has been paid to the various audio-visual aids available on the market than they, in fact, deserve. They are fascinating, highly visible gadgets which can be used to make efficient training more efficient or make inefficient training look with-it.