This chapter traces the history of migration from the Indian sub-continent to Scotland and Britain. The large-scale migration from the Indian subcontinent to Great Britain is considered as the legacy of the latter's long colonial rule of the former. The chapter illustrates the size of the Pakistani population alongside other ethnic minority populations in Britain and in Scotland. In the light of the 1991 Census for Scotland, it examines the distribution of Pakistani population in the various regions of the country with a special focus on the Lothian Region and Edinburgh city. The chapter discusses the responses of the Pakistani population to their exclusion from the social, cultural and political life of the wider society. It analyses the relationship between exclusion of Edinburgh's Pakistani population from the social, cultural and political life of the wider society and the consequent development of the increasingly inward-looking Pakistani social institutions that constitute the 'closed' Pakistani community in Edinburgh.