This chapter explains the contours of the context of reception in the United States, California, and San Francisco more specifically. It describes the federal immigration laws that favor family reunification. It also shows that the most recent wave of Ukrainian migrants was largely included by the US state, which offered them legal status and work as caregivers, but were excluded by Ukrainian organizations run by WWII Diaspora Ukrainian migrants and their descendants, which did maintain transnational ties to Ukrainian nation-state building. The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 created a preference system for family reunification so that those with family already in the United States hold a significant advantage for acquiring legal immigration documents. Migrants in Italy negotiated what it meant to be "Ukrainian" vis-à-vis Ukraine's nation-state building project, migrants in California negotiated what it meant to be "Ukrainian" vis-à-vis WWII Diaspora Ukrainians and the landscape of Ukrainian organizations they had created.