This chapter illustrates the three cases in turn and give a detailed account of the Government of India's reaction in each case. The first two describe different crises affecting overseas Indians in Uganda and Fiji. The third case study deals with the attitude of the Government of India with respect to the Indian Diaspora in South Africa. Indians had first come to Uganda for the construction of the railways; few of those who survived the railway construction stayed on. Uganda's principal export crop was cotton, which it exported mainly to India and the cotton business was virtually an Indian monopoly. The Government of India recognised their responsibility for the Indian citizens only, and also recognised the right of the Ugandan Government to regulate their internal affairs according to their best judgement. The majority of Indians in the government were seen as a threat to the privileges and powers of the Fijian chiefs.