This chapter focuses on the emergence and early development of China's foreign aid. It addresses how China's foreign has aid objectives in Africa progressed and examines how China's foreign aid practices are developed. The chapter explores the development of China's foreign aid between 1955 and 1993, when foreign aid was primarily influenced by China's political pursuits. As Africa became a priority recipient of China's foreign aid, a delegation led by the Vice Director of the State Planning Commission Fang Yi was dispatched to Algeria, Mali and Guinea in 1964 in order to explore the most appropriate measures to be taken for planning practical and effective aid packages to these countries. To realise China's aid objectives in Africa meant assisting recipients in building their own economic foundations. China practised four implementation methods, namely Complete Project Aid, Technical Aid, Goods and Materials Aid and Cash Aid.