This chapter examines the development of China's foreign aid in Africa since 1994. It focuses on two primary questions: What are China's current foreign aid objectives in Africa? How does China currently deliver its aid to Africa? The chapter explores the contemporary aims of China's aid to Africa and the practices it has developed in pursuit of these aims. In pace with the evolving global development trend and China's deepening domestic reforms, both the internal and external situations for China's foreign aid underwent profound changes. With the ending of the Cold War and the stabilising of the international situation, political rivalry and military confrontations declined between states. The chapter also focuses on the planning and implementation approaches that China has developed as a result. Aimed at improving the understanding of China's foreign aid practices as well as building up the measures required for investigations into China's foreign aid performance, the chapter examines China's foreign aid institutions, funding and implementation methods.