Agreement: The 1985-1987 INF Negotiations
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Agreement: The 1985-1987 INF Negotiations book
This chapter analyses the 1985-1987 talks to explain how the superpowers resolved the pragmatic disputes generated in the first round of talks. The intermediate range forces (INF) negotiations resumed in Geneva on March 11, 1985, the day that Gorbachev became general secretary of the Soviet Union. When Reagan admitted that the superpowers had common interests in avoiding war and signing arms control agreements, Andrey Gromyko blasted the speech as election year politics. In 1987, however, the new thinking began to influence Soviet foreign policy, the superpowers cancelled all of the contested propositions, and they eventually agreed to the INF Treaty. The superpowers announced on January 8, 1985, that they would begin 'umbrella talks' including INF, strategic offensive systems, and space and defence weapons. Part of the new thinking was that an INF agreement was a necessary step toward an end to the bilateral military confrontation perpetuated by the mutual insecurity system rules.