This chapter discusses understanding of the nature of the postcolonial condition in Africa in relation to an account of complex globalisation. Developing David Held et al.’s argument, S. Walby argues that globalisation consists of uneven global flows of capital, trade, and people, an uneven development of global institutions, networks, and hegemons, and global civil societal waves – not a single uniform or linear process. Walby following Held et al. argues that contemporary globalisation essentially involves the deterritorialisation and reterritorialisation of space. Based on a view of the importance of markets and the need to reduce barriers to the free market and roll back the power of the state, neoliberalism is a project that has its origins in the domestic politics of Thatcherism and Reaganism but then developed into a global wave. It is important to recognise pan-Africanism as a global discourse with its roots in the African diaspora as well as on the continent of Africa.