This chapter focuses on the development of the global governance of education in the context of contemporary globalisation. At a broad level, ‘education governance’ relates to processes of control and contestation in the design, implementation, and enactment of education policy. The changes in world order linked to the changing dynamics of power in global governance have also impacted on the aid regime. As Agenda 2063 points out, global governance matters a great deal for Africa as decisions made in global institutions and forums have a direct impact on the wellbeing of Africans and their continent. A further key influence on development discourse has been from the human rights regime which emerged in the period following the Second World War and the formation of the UN. Several commentators have provided a detailed overview of the origins of the Sustainable Development Goals regime.