This chapter will provide with detail the wider developments in international law, which led to the creation of a substantive view of democracy. This substantive conceptualization could be defined according to Gregory Fox as ‘a series of rights that are collectively reinforcing’. 1 Therefore, it extends way beyond the limitation to free and fair elections on a periodic basis. The substantive account incorporates a number of other rights that are necessary for the sustainability of democracy, and not to be used as a means to reach power in order to abolish the democratic system. It does in other words provide conceptual and legal guarantees for the protection of democracy.