The focus will be on John Rawls and his three major works, A Theory of Justice , Political Liberalism and The Law of Peoples , in addition to some reference to his paper The Idea of Public Reason Revisited . The reason why Rawls is central to this analysis is because he provided a framework for an instrumental right to democracy. 1 This was through his affirmation that
Also, the works of Rawls provide a philosophical interpretation of the Refah principle of reasonableness, through providing a formula for participation in the democratic process, and the exclusion of intolerant religious actors. This chapter’s objective is not only to assess the Rawlsian conception of the social contact theory, but also to evaluate Rawls’s moral justifications for his principles of justice that are the grounds on which other elements of his model are built.