The importance of the human factor has been recognised by many people in the past, not only by religious leaders, but also by such materialistic people as Napoleon. What has been lacking has been systematic appraisal of the human resources and determination to give priority to developing staff by making the best possible use of them as the most important factor in meeting the organisation's aims and objectives. Until recent years there has been little attempt to involve the man himself in the process of appraisal. An appraisal that takes into account the man's own views on what he has done and how he has done it will be that much more accurate than one which does not. Thus, compared with the procedure which relies on combined assessments of a person by various superiors, a dynamic system of appraisal which involves the man himself and reflects changes in his outlook has many advantages.