In his edited work Fascism, Roger Griffin shows how abortive fascist movements flowered in Europe in the inter-war years from Britain and Ireland to Latvia and Portugal. Yet, he also argues that fascism was also non-European, spreading to Chile, Brazil, South Africa and Japan (Griffin 199, 8-1). In a fascinating passage Griffin offers us an extract from Japanese fascist Nakano Seigo written in 19 shortly before his last major appearance: “I know that many quote Hitler, but only a few have read Mein Kampf carefully. Read it in German, if possible…It provides good material to discipline your Japanese spirit… You should write your own Mein Kampf on your own reality, as a testimony to your personal physical struggle on this earth” (Seigo in Griffin 199, 1).