This chapter presents three basic conclusions about Francis of Marchia’s treatment of the problem of divine foreknowledge and future contingents: his main opponent was Peter Auriol, he developed an interesting new theory, and his theory was among the most influential in the later Middle Ages. Francis of Marchia, also known as Francis de Pignano, Francis de Esculo, Franciscus Rubeus, and the Doctor Succinctus, may be the most important Parisian theologian from the period between Auriol and Rimini. Until 1986 almost nothing substantial on Francis of Marchia was published. This is in part because his works were not printed in the Early Modern era, and in modern times he has often been labeled a dogmatic Scotist, something which may have limited his appeal for scholarship. Significantly, Marchia devotes all of distinctions 35, 36, and 38 to the issue of foreknowledge and future contingents.