ABSTRACT

The primary aim of all academic disciplines is arguably the search for truth. The social sciences too which, in a sense, bridge the gulf between the arts and the sciences are perhaps also guilty of science-envy. In Economics and Psychology, in particular, there are laudable attempts to emulate the physical sciences, but without anything like the same degree of success. The anxiety that is expressed especially outside the scientific community is that society is increasingly succumbing to control by a scientific elite. Science is now the acknowledged explanatory paradigm and scientists are the masters of the knowledge of how the world works. A great deal of emphasis is put on the processes and procedures of science, but much less on the motives of the scientists themselves. Science is supposed to be value-free, but this is hardly the case.