ABSTRACT

Introduction Recently, the interests of uncertainty, risks and vulnerability related to Supply Chain Management have increased, both in industry (e.g. a lot of practitioner conferences on the topic) and among academics (e.g. Smelzer and Siferd, 1998; Zsidisin and Ellram, 1999; Hallikas et al, 2000; Ritchie et al, 2000; Svensson, 2000, Lindroth and Norrman, 2001; Johnson, 2001; Lamming et al, 2001; Christopher et al, 2002). However, as the terms ‘risk’ and ‘uncertainty’, as well as the term ‘Supply Chain Management’ (SCM) are very ‘broad’ in their definitions, many different issues could be and have been, discussed within the field of ‘supply chain risk management.’There are not many explicit definitions o f supply chain risk management available yet. This chapter will rely on the following definition as it is developed in parallel with the categorization framework that will be presented: ‘Supply chain risk management is to collaboratively with partners in a supply chain apply risk management process tools to deal with risks and uncertainties caused by, or impacting on, logistics related activities or resources’ (Norrman and Lindroth, 2002). Another definition, launched by Professor Martin Christopher, is ‘Supply chain risk management is the management of external risks and supply chain risks through a co-ordinated approach among the supply chain members to reduce supply chain vulnerability as a whole’.(https://www.som.cranfield.ac.uk/som/executive/conferences/content.asp?id=52).However, the purpose of this chapter is not to find or promote one definition but to introduce a framework that can be used to categorize issues within supply chain risk management: both research areas and managerial issues. The framework could be used to position and relate different issues to each other, e.g. what part of supply chain risk management different researchers are dealing with, how different types of uncertainty or risk related to logistics and SCM are addressed and what managerial responses to risk and uncertainty companies are focusing on. Firstly, the general framework will be introduced and then its different dimensions will be discussed in detail, before we show how it could be used.