Introduction In every chapter the case is made that in differing industrial sectors in differing countries supply chains are becoming increasingly vulnerable to total breakdown, dislocation, disruption or simply failure to deliver the value added required by the final consumer. Zsidisin et al (Chapter 11) discuss the increasing fragility of supply chains and their inability to sustain even mild shocks resulting from strategies designed to make them leaner and more efficient. The text has addressed the reasons underpinning this increased vulnerability and examined the consequential changes in risk exposure both in terms of incidence and consequences. Each chapter has explored either conceptually and/or empirically approaches to managing such risks. As stated in the introductory chapter, the key aims of the text are to consolidate the current research in the field of supply chain risk management, in order that the knowledge and experience gained can be shared and equally importantly to generate synergy from a more informed evaluation of the research within the field. This concluding chapter seeks to draw together some of the key themes and developments presented in the text, although it would not claim to be a comprehensive synthesis of the entire research presented.