The first section of this chapter suggests two ideal-types of possible Post-Fordist growth strategies that Western European nation-states can follow (3.1). The likely effects these new growth strategies have on the social structure will be discussed in the next section (3.2). These theoretical reflections will at the same time serve as point of departure for the empirical analysis of labour markets and social structures in five Western European countries. The design of this inquiry will be introduced in the last section (3.3).