In assessing the environmental dimension of the NAFfA regime, three points stand out. First, there are the idiosyncratic habits of mind of Canadians and Canadian foreign and trade policy makers when it comes to foreign and trade policy. These habits are either hopelessly naive and self-serving or constructive. But they were very much in evidence in a 'clinical' example of the Canadian species in Uruguay, Montreal, and the Tokyo negotiations of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as in the negotiations of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFfA) and its two side accords.