The period of the dissatisfied generation was the beginning of more permanent transition of the Swedish political system. Political appointees and civil servants from the Ministry of Finance in the 1980s were among the first group of government officials to question the role of collective action organizations in the Swedish political process. The emergence of new social movements and political parties shows that established Swedish parties and collective action organizations are losing their ability to mobilize mass public support and that they cannot cope with internal struggles for power. As Swedish society became more complex, new groupings of people began mobilizing support and using their organized voice to put new and different demands on government. Repluralization of Sweden and the development from the strong society towards a more independent Swedish civil society fits well with the emergence of European pluralism and global civil society.