As neoliberal globalization has intensified and consolidated, its hegemony and exploitative nature has provoked new waves and modalities of contestation and resistance. Indeed, the rise of the deglobalization and anti-capitalism movement constitutes one of the most politically important developments since the late 1990s. The mass mobilization which succeeded in attracting 50,000 demonstrators including trade unionists, feminists, human rights activists and environmentalists to Seattle in December 1999 to protest at the World Trade Organization (WTO) Ministerial Conference was a ‘coming out’ event for the movement against corporate domination and the capitalist system itself. A resurgent global justice movement committed to the struggle against environmental degradation, union-busting, lack of democratic space, sweatshops inherent in corporate globalization served notice to the world that it was alive. Contrary to the conventional views of neoliberal globalization as outlined in Part 1, this new movement provided a radical critique and an alternative to what it saw as a new form of global imperialism that reinforced economic exploitation and political domination. Hence, the adoption of anti-capitalism as its signature.