This chapter explores the complex relationship between gender and emotion. It examines the content of stereotypic beliefs about men's and women's emotions. The chapter turns to the question of whether emotional behavior is consistent or inconsistent with those stereotypes. It discusses how social roles, socialization history, and culture contribute to gender differences in emotions. The stereotype of women as emotional is not as simple as it sounds. Adults possess gender stereotypes about the typical experience and expression of specific emotions. Similar emotion-specific gender stereotypes seem to be held by very young children, suggesting that the beliefs are learned early in development. Gender differences in emotional expressivity have also been observed in studies that compare men and women's facial displays in response to emotion-inducing images and films. E. A. Plant examined effects of gender stereotypes on adults' perception of adult facial expressions of emotion.