In recent decades we have observed a significant change in nation-state identities in response to global and regional political reconfigurations. One such case, the European Union (EU), projects a transnational political entity-a union of nations, regions, and localities. What happens to collective identities and citizenship (historically shaped by the boundaries of the nation-state) in a situation in which centrifugal forces are undermining the premise of national collectivities and the national closure of cultures? Postwar changes in the European state system provide ample opportunity to explore the definition and redefinition of collective identities and nationhood through the institution of education.