In the early hours of Saturday, 26 November 2005, two teams of EU observers drove through the Kerem Shalom (Karam Abu Salem) border crossing between Israel and the Gaza Strip. The fi rst team went directly to a newly established observation post equipped with a CCTV network a few meters away; the second team boarded an armoured vehicle and drove a few kilometres to the north, escorted by two Palestinian Authority (PA) police vehicles. Their destination was the Rafah Crossing Point (RCP) on the border between Egypt and the Gaza Strip. For the next four hours, the two teams observed the operation of the RCP, thus launching the European Union Border Assistance Mission Rafah (better known by its acronym EUBAM Rafah).