The abundant lakes and rivers of Russia, as well as her inland seas, and her coast line, have from time immemorial afforded ample scope to the activities of the fisherman. In the Caspian region, the catch consisted mainly of herring, white sturgeon, vobla, sander, bream, carp, perch, pike, lamprey, salmon. The most important centres of the fishing trade in Russia were found in the Caspian region. Eighty-five per cent of the forests of Russia were found in the five northern provinces of Archangel, Vologda, Perm, Olonets, Viatka, and in Finland. A very considerable proportion of the forest land in Russia belonged to the State. The science of forestry was taught in Institutes in the capital cities and elsewhere, and in agricultural colleges and technical schools throughout the country. These efforts were directed to producing a staff of trained forest and field surveyors to carry out the systematic exploitation of the Crown forests.