This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the concepts covered in the preceding chapters of this book. The book explains the study of Chromatius's sermons reveals how he went about the task of forming a cohesive Christian community. Sermons filled with rhetorical attacks on Jews or other groups in the city also provided listeners with practical actions which could increase their sense of belonging to a Christian community. The book describes Chromatius's descriptions of Jews brought together arguments about spiritual authority first made against other Christian groups and about barbarians grounded in traditional Roman propaganda and literature. Chromatius made the barbarians into Christians in his sermons in opposition to the Jews. The book discusses the role of the bishop, the requirements of the elite class in the city, the practice of Roman euergetism, churches, and the synagogue all changed in Aquileia during the period. It also discusses the acceptance of intolerance laid the foundation for the late antique "Christian" city.