Moyle Needham, developed major research in biochemistry at their alma mater. Both were interested in the history of science. In 1937, they accepted three Chinese advanced graduate students into their laboratories, among them Lu Gwei-Djen, daughter of an apothecary (pharmacist) in Nanking. Talking with these bright, curious young scientists just arrived from China, Joseph Needham was intrigued by how alike their minds were to his. If China produces such talented scientists, he wondered, why had its science not flowered into a Scientific Revolution like that of Europe in the early modern period?