Critically Examining pre-Columbian Seas
DOI link for Critically Examining pre-Columbian Seas
Critically Examining pre-Columbian Seas book
We know that men and women together crossed ocean straits by boat (or raft) back in the Pleistocene, 50,000 years ago, to reach and settle Australia and Indonesian islands. We know that Austronesian traders and colonists sailed from Indonesia westward to Africa in the first millennium BCE, and a millennium earlier into Near Oceania, already inhabited by Melanesians. We know that Polynesians sailed to and colonized every habitable island in Remote Oceania, reaching an eastern limit in Chile in the fourteenth century CE. We know that Norse had two permanent settlements in Greenland from the tenth century CE, crossing Davis Strait to northeastern Canada for timber, furs, and at least one attempt at settlement. These facts established by sound, scientific archaeological research demonstrate that many human societies have not hesitated to venture upon open seas.