This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the concepts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book. The book examines the different theories about the past that different researchers and archaeologists have developed. It demonstrates that Peruvian archaeology is full of successes and failures alike and is a good case study to provide analytical tools. The book corroborates the lack of government resources put into archaeology in a country with such a high percentage of indigenous people who have been the focal point of its political, historical, sociological, anthropological, and archaeological debates throughout its republican history. Since Peru is the "nuclear area" of prehispanic social development and even of great empires, more researchers have come to Peru than to other countries. This is because in countries such as Argentina, Brazil, and Chile, the state finances its archaeologists and their projects through their public research agencies.