ABSTRACT

Peruvian Archaeology by Henry Tantaleán, 83-90. ©2014 Left Coast Press Inc. All rights reserved.

Peru in this decade is clearly identied with the government of General Manuel A. Odría (1948-1956), which some historians have called “El Ochenio,” and the second government of Prado y Ugarteche (19561962). Odría came to power after a coup against José Luis Bustamante y Rivero’s government by the Peruvian armed forces. He ruled as a de facto “provisional government,” as he himself referred to it in one of his speeches. It was also known as the military junta that ruled from 1948 to 1950. Later, in an irregular electoral process in which the primary opponent, General Montagne, was jailed on El Frontón Island near the coast of Callao, Odría won the elections and remained in power until 1956. His government, which as been recognized by some researchers as a kind of “militarismo desarrollista”1 (Mendible 1994; Rodríguez 2012; Sepúlveda 1972), were identied, through a liberal political economy, with the interests of the coastal agricultural oligarchs in alliance with foreign multinationals, especially North Americans (orp and Bertram [1978] 1988:311). e political alliances followed those already established, as we saw in the previous chapter, with the Allies of World War II, especially the United States.