Peruvian Archaeology by Henry Tantaleán, 91-102. ©2014 Left Coast Press Inc. All rights reserved.

The previous chapter outlined the veritable “golden age” of the Peru-vian economy in the 1950s. Yet, the military had to intervene again, especially in politics and the national economy, in the late 1960s. As Nelson Manrique says:

From a military perspective, the growing dependence of the Peruvian economy in relation to the US economy compromised the independence of the country, endangering national security. e armed forces saw these developments with growing concern. is profound ideological shift that started in the late fties, culminated in the Velasco revolution. An important factor in this shift was the questioning of the process of denationalization [privatization] of the national resources and the conviction that those that benetted would not be allowed to defend the interests of the nation (Manrique 2009:154).