Peruvian Archaeology by Henry Tantaleán,116-125. ©2014 Left Coast Press Inc. All rights reserved.

In the late 1960s, North American archaeologists inspired by the theo-retical and methodological principles of processualist archaeology began to conduct projects in Peru. Luis Lumbreras and the Marxism paradigm were dominant in Lima, but outside the capital its impact was minor to nonexistent because Peru’s provincial cities did not have solid archaeology training programs. Although there was an atmosphere of nationalism promoted by the government, this did not translate into the establishment of archaeological schools outside of the capital, and in some parts of Peru, there were no archaeology programs in the local universities at all.