The Use of Space and Discard Patterns
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The Use of Space and Discard Patterns book
This chapter discusses the use of space in residential camps and the discardprocesses of the Nukak, as well as archaeological expectations for sites formed under similar conditions. Both subjects are intrinsically co-nected in archaeological research because there has always been an interest in identifying the function of sites and the activities carried out at them from the material record via the by-products of these activities. The ethnoarchaeological information on discard patterns in hunter-gatherer societies essentially refers to the analysis of activity areas within the camps and how to recognize them in archaeological sites (Bartram 1993; Binford 1978b, 1987; Fisher 1993; Gould 1968; Kent 1987; O’Connell 1987; Yellen 1977). This information derives from the third phase of intrasite spatial analysis, which emerged partly as a reaction to the models generated from visual and statistical approaches (see review in Kent 1987) that had been used to analyze spatial data (Kroll & Price 1991). In general, such ethnoarchaeological studies aimed to identify the spatial correlation between primary residues and the activities that had produced them in order to contribute to the identification of activity areas in archaeological sites and to discuss intrasite variability (Kent 1987; O’Connell, Hawkes, & Blurton-Jones 1991).