This chapter is broadly divided into three parts: a theoretical evaluation, an empirical study, and a final proposal. Horden and Purcell have stated that the distinctiveness of Mediterranean history results from the paradoxical coexistence of a milieu of relatively easy seaborne communications with a quite unusual fragmented topography of microregions in the sea's coastlands and islands. In exploring the occupational history of the islands, It investigates when islands, and which islands, were colonised and abandoned in Mediterranean prehistory. The book has sought to move beyond geographical and academic divisions inherent in Mediterranean studies and shows the potential of bringing an island archaeological framework to the fore in Mediterranean prehistory by focusing on two interrelated processes: colonisation and abandonment. Inevitably, as further evidence becomes available, the colonisation and abandonment patterns observed through archaeological data.