This chapter discusses that sociologists who are interested in archival methods should keep in mind as they are collecting and analyzing data. It also discusses doing research on sociology of science issue: the historical sociology of race-relations social science. There is growing archival-data base for work in the historical sociology of social science. The chapter presents a step-by-step research process that can serve as a model for collecting sociologically relevant archival materials pertinent to the described research problem. The reviewed literature may be uneven in quality and seldom presents all data housed in tapped archival collections. Once a researcher begins to dig into an archival collection, he or she may discover that there are numerous gaps between what a secondary literature covers and the data an archival collection actually has available. Frazier was a major promoter of Chicago School race relations thought; his papers are invaluable for reconstructing the origins and evolution of the Chicago network.