The motives and the purpose of migration are manifold and differ between the study areas and along social characteristics. This chapter discusses people’s reasons to migrate from the two rural areas with a focus on environmental reasons for migration. It shows that men and women migrate for different reasons as well as people of different ages and with differing levels of education. Environmental reasons are less important as main drivers of migration than assumed but are often linked to economic migration motives. This chapter illustrates that environmental change does not affect people’s migration in similar ways and shows whose migration will be most likely affected by environmental factors. It also explains how environmental stressors shape migration patterns and that migration in the region often takes place independently from the quality of the yields.