Migration from areas affected by environmental stress is assumed to be a strategic household decision with a commonly-agreed motive: the economic benefit of the household. This chapter focuses on the migration decision and people’s capabilities to migrate and to stay. It suggests that for many young people, migration is an individual decision and does often not correspond with the head of the household’s intention. Moreover, it highlights that not all people have the capability to choose freely between migrating and staying. A combination of social, economic and environmental reasons determines people’s choice to migrate or to stay. While it restricts the choice for migration of some members, it also restricts the choice of staying for others.