One Building for All
DOI link for One Building for All
One Building for All book
Nikita Khrushchev’s 1954 speech to the All-Union Conference of Builders, Architects, and Construction Workers, along with the conversations and developments in Czech architecture that followed it, managed to move the field’s focus away from fear-motivated adherence to the Soviet model of Socialist-realist style, or the study of ideologically appropriate Czech vernacular, and toward something more like the Socialist-realist method for constructing both Socialist architecture and lifestyle. While the official conclusion on the correct way to interpret Khrushchev’s speech to the building industry, as well as his Secret Speech, may at first seem to be a simple semantic issue, emphasizing “method” over “style” ensured that the discourse on Socialist realism was appropriately adjusted, while it allowed for everything said and done until that point to remain, without having to be retro actively erased from history. The general consensus, occasionally supported by a big statement, such as Khrushchev’s 1954 adjustments to architectural thinking, was that small errors correctable by self-criticism were constitutive of perfecting Socialism. This particular adjustment to architecture brought relief to some, as it untethered Czech architecture from the stylistic image it was reluctant to accept in the first place. But it reopened the issue of the more difficult (potentially treacherous) task of the architectural interpretation of the Socialist-realist method.