The renewed focus in recent years on employee involvement committees in nonunion work­ places reflects the convergence of several trends that became acutely felt and widely re­ ported in the early 1990s: the declining por­ tion of the union-represented workforce; the ascendance of a Republican Congress eager to undermine the role of organized labor further; widespread worker dissatisfaction with tradi­ tionally hierarchical workplace structures; and American business’s realization that restruc­ turing workplace relationships could increase productivity and profitability.