In this concluding chapter we review and syn­ thesize the findings and conclusions on nonunion employee representation (NER) contained in the preceding chapters with respect to three princi­ pal themes: history, practice, and public policy. This job is unusually difficult because of the large number of authors, the diversity of perspectives, and the breadth and depth of topics covered. Nonetheless, presented below are what we con­ sider to be the major lessons learned and con­ tinuing points of debate. We end the chapter and volume with our recommendations concerning reform of the American National Labor Relations Act and the treatment therein of employer-created representation committees.