DOI link for Conclusions
The mainstream and alternative views on corruption provide competing viewpoints on how corruption is defined, caused and should be addressed. The former focuses on corruption within the state and the latter looks outside the state to the structural factors that frame corruption, and the power relations embedded within anti-corruption discourse, policy and programmes. This chapter highlights some of the key implications from these findings and what they mean for both theories about corruption and the effectiveness of responses to corruption in PNG. It looks at what the findings mean for the legitimacy of anti-corruption organisations in PNG. The chapter examines what the Papua New Guinean Ways should mean for fighting corruption in the country, and the ongoing war on corruption. It provides a reflection on how more meaningful responses to corruption might be approached. Finally, implications arising out of the uneven response to powerful elites in PNG are discussed.