In testimony before a Senate subcommittee investigating interventionist propaganda in American motion pictures, isolationist Senator Gerald P. Nye of North Dakota argued in September 1941 that the motion picture industry was actively promoting the entry of the United States into the war then raging in Europe and other parts of the world. Angered by alleged bias towards England and the allies, Nye claimed that in industry circles observers spoke “not of the foreign policy of the United States,” but rather of “the foreign policy of Hollywood.”