This chapter discusses two forms of violence against women—sexual assault and intimate partner violence. We provide an overview of the prevalence and predictors of these forms of violence, and discuss definitional problems, as well as stereotypes and myths about their etiology. We also discuss ways to possibly intervene and address these forms of violence in society. Special attention is given to issues of sexual assault in college, misconceptions about false reporting, why women stay in abusive relationships, and what research tells us about how police should respond to incidents of intimate partner violence. The chapter ends with a discussion of gaps and challenges as we move ahead, as well as a listing of key readings and discussion questions.