This chapter focuses on the Hindu reception of Western and Christian traditions, in order to see the possibilities and limitations of Hindu–Christian studies in light of Hindu intellectual work. Christians have largely been in a position to decide whether and when such learning is worthwhile, and Hindus have often been compelled, socially and intellectually, to acknowledge and respond to questions and challenges posed by the West. Brajendranath Seal was a renowned philosopher, credited with many respected writings. He was a contemporary of Algondavilli Govindacharya, and wrote with a consonant intent, though he eschewed theosophy and instead sought precision in historical knowledge and in method. Krishna Chandra Bhattacharyya was one of the leading Indian philosophers of the first half of the 20th century, and author of a number of noteworthy philosophical studies. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, the famed scholar of Indian philosophy and respected statesman, merits serious attention in East–West cultural and philosophical exchange.