This chapter expresses that the urge for localizing governance is transcendental both in terms of space and historical time-frame. It also expresses that localizing governance and democratization are dialectically conceptualized, though their manifestation differs from one place to another or from one phase of history to another. Given the space-constraint, the chapter focuses on the contribution of selective thinkers/theorists to understand the Western tradition of localizing governance. By drawing upon the French tradition, British tradition and American tradition, the chapter presents an analytic survey of those relevant ideas which constitute the core of the argument that is being forcefully made in favour of stakeholders' participation in governance. In a neoliberal global context, localizing governance appears to be a preferred alternative to redesign governance in such a way as to un-burden the state of the responsibilities which were indispensable in the past for a public authority.