Having ensured that this particular examination of the newborn falls within the practitioner’s remit, the following questions should be borne in mind:

1. Was the pregnancy prolonged? 2. Was the labour induced or accelerated and, if so, why? 3. How long were the fetal membranes ruptured prior to birth? 4. Were there any anomalies of the fetal heart rate during labour? 5. Was the liquor meconium stained? 6. What were the methods of pain relief used during the labour and birth? 7. What was the presenting part of the fetus during labour? 8. What was the mode of birth? 9. Did the baby require any resuscitation at birth? 10. Were any injuries or abnormalities noted at the birth?