NORTHERN STAR, or Yorkshire Magazine; A Monthly and Permanent Register of the Statistics, Literature, Biography, Arts, Commerce, and Manufactures of Yorkshire issued two volumes from a dual base in London and Sheffield between July 1817 and June 1818; then, fixing its home in London and shortening its subtitle, it survived in a third volume through December 1818. It suffered the fate of most provincial literary magazines because, during a period when virtually all publishing was concentrated in the capitals of London and Edinburgh, provincial papers were unable to hold the interest of readers hungry for news from the metropolis and abroad and were also unable to retain the services of able writers far from the centers of other literary employment. The unknown editor (who was presumably the reviewer of the two works of Byron) was obviously politically liberal and idealistic but somewhat humorless. The reviews speak for themselves.