The cultural practice framework presented in this chapter provides a tool with which to explore the diverse range of activities that represent holistic cultural practice, all of which activities should be considered equally successful if they meet an individual's personal and professional needs. The conceptual framework highlights important elements in that it: is situated within the context of the communities in which musicians practice; recognizes the similarities between professional practice for all cultural practitioners; acknowledges the value and relevance of both performance and non performance-based study in the training of musicians; and positions practitioners and the cultural industries within a Cultural Practice Framework. The Cultural Practice Framework illustrates the application of the generic and specific attributes of artists beyond more obvious vocations and towards holistic employment throughout the cultural industries. The resulting Framework consists of four practitioner-focused, non-hierarchical groups that were determined through analysis of the major foci characterizing roles within the cultural industries.