Money for Royal Endeavours
DOI link for Money for Royal Endeavours
Money for Royal Endeavours book
Indisputably, certain external factors contributed to Gondi success in France. The unreliability of the French aristocracy made promoting Italians an appealing alternative for the monarchy.1 Unlike families like the Guise, who had independent power bases and influence through vast networks in the French provinces, Italian families often had no other source of power apart from that which came from the crown.2 Catherine de’ Medici, in her role as la reine mère, was the stalwart patron of the Gondi family; without her continuous help and support they would not have been so successful.3 But most of all, the crown’s financial struggles led to an increasing dependence on (often Italian) bankers and financiers, who not only arranged loans for the royal family through their vast networks but also invented various fiscal expedients.