In this chapter, the author highlights what can be learned through an investigation of some of the everyday activities of acquired brain injury (ABI) survivors. The integration of critical social theory into studies regarding ABI and ABI rehabilitation enables the theorisation of the lives of ABI survivors to be understood more fully. Consequently, the author suggests that the use of a critical analytical framework enables the views of ABI survivors to be used to inform and improve the rehabilitation process after ABI. Research related to ABI and ABI rehabilitation has been conducted predominately within medical parameters. In suggesting a critical, contemporary social scientific theorisation of ABI and ABI rehabilitation, he sought to depart from this tradition of relying on medical 'facts' by representing the everyday experiences of the participants in order to stimulate discussion regarding the (re)construction of identity following ABI.